News Releases 2022
Oct. 31, 2022
Start of Development on CO2 Capture Technology Applying Unused LNG Cold Energy
JGC Holdings Corporation has announced that domestic EPC operating company JGC Japan Corporation (JGC Japan) has started technical development on carbon dioxide (CO2) capture applying unused cold energy from liquefied natural gas (LNG).
These efforts support development and demonstration in a joint project of Toho Gas Co. Ltd. (Toho Gas) and Nagoya University, Tokai National Higher Education and Research System (Nagoya University) that was selected by Japan's New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) in May 2022 as a Green Innovation Fund project for development of technology for CO2 separation, capture, and the like. JGC Japan has been contracted by Toho Gas as a participant since September this year.
This development and demonstration is focused on Cryo-Capture®* technology, which applies unused LNG cold energy in CO2 capture from factory exhaust gas. The R&D builds on the work of Professor Koyo Norinaga of Nagoya University's Institutes of Innovation for Future Society, whose innovative technique for applying unused LNG cold energy to capture CO2 from factory exhaust gas requires only a small amount of additional energy, which promises to reduce CO2 capture costs.
- ※Coined from cryo (short for cryogenics, referring to low-temperature physics) + capture (referring to CO2 recovery from sources such as exhaust gas).
Because natural gas is liquefied by cooling it to roughly -162°C, much cold energy is released when LNG is regasified at LNG receiving terminals. This underutilized cold energy has attracted attention as a potential energy source for generating power or electricity.
By applying cryogenic expertise acquired from LNG plant/receiving terminal EPC operations, the JGC Group can ensure effective utilization of the unused LNG cold energy. Through test equipment design and other efforts, we will also contribute in verifying the feasibility of practical adoption of this CO2 capture technology. Future contributions may include designing and scaling up pilot plants. Another decisive factor for participating in this development and demonstration is the fact that the JGC Group has positioned carbon neutrality as a key area over the medium to long term and considers CO2 capture an important technology.
In designing test equipment, we will consider specific details such as absorbent, equipment, and pressure control methods that suit facility structures and operating conditions based on relationships between nitrogen and other impurities, CO2 concentration, and partial pressure. JGC Japan will provide support in conceptual design for this process and in optimization design for the various facilities involved.
In this way, the JGC Group will continue working toward a carbon-neutral future through corporate and academic collaboration and partnerships to develop innovative environmental technologies.
To establish economical CO2 capture technology for industrial decarbonization in applications such as factory exhaust gas (low-pressure, low-concentration gas with a CO2 concentration of 10% or less at atmospheric pressure)
|Main technical development
• Development of Cryo-Capture® technology for applying unused LNG cold energy in CO2 capture, requiring approx. 10% of the conventional thermal energy input; pilot demonstration of the technology at a natural gas facility
• Demonstration of carbon recycling, including production of synthetic methane from methanation using recovered CO2 and hydrogen from water electrolysis or other sources as raw materials
|Framework for implementation
• Toho Gas (company leading development and demonstration)
• Nagoya University (co-proposer)
|Nine years from fiscal 2022 to 2030 (planned)